Loading...

Messages

Proposals

Stuck in your homework and missing deadline? Get urgent help in $10/Page with 24 hours deadline

Get Urgent Writing Help In Your Essays, Assignments, Homeworks, Dissertation, Thesis Or Coursework & Achieve A+ Grades.

Privacy Guaranteed - 100% Plagiarism Free Writing - Free Turnitin Report - Professional And Experienced Writers - 24/7 Online Support

What was the concordat of 1801

11/11/2021 Client: muhammad11 Deadline: 2 Day

Primary and Secondary Source Comparison

The Concordat of 1801

The primary source selected for this comparison was The Concordat of 1801 between Napoleon Bonaparte and Pope Pius VII. This source was first published in 1801, went into effect in 1802, and remained in place until 1905. The audience was French Catholics and clerics, as well as other European rulers. It was an agreement between the French government and the Roman Catholic Church on how the Church would operate in France. During the Revolutionary Period (the 1790s), revolutionaries dismantled and banned the Catholic Church, seized its properties, forced clerics to marry, invaded Rome, replaced the papal government of Rome with a secular republic, and imprisoned Pope Pius VI in France until his death. (Films Media Group, 1997). After his ascent to the Consulship, Bonaparte recognized the benefits of allying with the new Pope. The negotiations took place in Paris, France between Bonaparte and representatives of Pope Pius VII. The final agreement began with the recognition “that the Roman, Catholic and Apostolic religion is the religion of the great majority of French citizens” (Concordat, 1801, para. 1). It reaffirmed some of the Revolutionary reforms to the Church: the French government continued to pay salaries for clerics, clerics swore an Oath of Fidelity to France, non-worship buildings seized from the Church would not be returned, the French government authorized Church decrees before the Church could implement them in France, and the French leader appointed bishops and archbishops (Concordat, 1801). In return, France returned all worship buildings, bishops appointed cures, dioceses could possess seminaries, and the pope became relevant in France again (Concordat, 1801; Films Media Group, 1997). The authors’ biases are apparent as well. The agreement heavily favored French interests and the government’s oversight of the Catholic Church in France. The impact of the primary source on history was immense. It defined the relationship between the French government and the Catholic Church for the next 100 years, as well as changed the role of the papacy (Films Media Group, 1997).

The primary source is identified and the questions listed in item 5 of the instructions are thoroughly answered in regard to the source.

One secondary source article is selected for comparison on a similar topic (See 2 on instructions).

The secondary source selected was a scholarly journal article published in The Catholic Historical Review. Its author was Sr. M. Barbara, who was a Catholic nun. The audience for this article would be students, faculty and/or history lovers trying to understand the relationship between the French and the Roman Catholic Church. Barbara explains her thesis, “a retrospective survey should be taken of the periods in which contending and far-reaching forces began to act against the Church in France” (Barbara, 1926, p. 1). The article was published in 1926, making it irrefutably a secondary source. The article summarizes the reasons for the Church’s declining popularity during the 18th century: one third of the land in France belonged to the Church, the Church was tax-exempt, and France faced an economic crisis (Barbara, 1926). It claims the Concordat and its re-establishment of Catholicism ensured 100 years of peace in France (Barbara, 1926). Prior to reading this article, I understood the revolutionaries were anti-Church but I did not understand why.

The secondary source is identified and the questions listed in item 5 of the instructions are thoroughly answered in regard to the source.

When you read the Concordat, you realize it favors the French. On its face, it does not make sense why the Pope agreed to it. By reading the secondary source, the historical context becomes clear. Barbara summarizes the rise of anti-Catholic sentiment throughout the 18th century. Her focus on Pope Pius VI’s imprisonment, and the consequent feeling in Europe that the papacy was irrelevant, really brought the Concordat into focus. You see Bonaparte concretize the Revolutionary period reforms while he acknowledged most French citizens were Catholic. Yet he gives some concessions to the Pope that were largely symbolic: return of urban centers of worship and limited shared power over ecclesiastical matters. Through Pius VII’s agreement, he reinvigorated the role of the papacy in a post-revolutionary and increasingly secularized world. To truly understand the perspectives of history it is necessary to read and consider a primary source such as The Concordat of 1801 in context. This is where reading secondary sources are most helpful

A paragraph summarizing what you learned by comparing the primary source with your selected secondary source. This is not just a summary of the sources, but what you learned about different source types.

Works Cited

Barbara, M. Sr. (1926). Napoleon Bonaparte and the restoration of Catholicism in France. The

Catholic Historical Review 12(2). Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America

Press.

Durnham, R. (Ed.) (n.d.). The Concordat of 1801. The Napoleon Series. Retrieved May 30, 2017,

from http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/government/diplomatic/c_concordat.html

The pope and the people: Saints and sinners – the history of the Popes [Video file]. (1997).

Retrieved May 30, 2017 from

https://fod.infobase.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?xtid=55048&loid=213622&tScript=0

Include a properly formatted bibliography that includes your chosen primary source, the video clip associated with it on the Assignment Sheet, and the secondary source you chose about your primary source. This is in APA format, but you may also use MLA or Chicago style for Humanities. In this example, the Microsoft Word reference tool was used to create an APA Works Cited page.

Homework is Completed By:

Writer Writer Name Amount Client Comments & Rating
Instant Homework Helper

ONLINE

Instant Homework Helper

$36

She helped me in last minute in a very reasonable price. She is a lifesaver, I got A+ grade in my homework, I will surely hire her again for my next assignments, Thumbs Up!

Order & Get This Solution Within 3 Hours in $25/Page

Custom Original Solution And Get A+ Grades

  • 100% Plagiarism Free
  • Proper APA/MLA/Harvard Referencing
  • Delivery in 3 Hours After Placing Order
  • Free Turnitin Report
  • Unlimited Revisions
  • Privacy Guaranteed

Order & Get This Solution Within 6 Hours in $20/Page

Custom Original Solution And Get A+ Grades

  • 100% Plagiarism Free
  • Proper APA/MLA/Harvard Referencing
  • Delivery in 6 Hours After Placing Order
  • Free Turnitin Report
  • Unlimited Revisions
  • Privacy Guaranteed

Order & Get This Solution Within 12 Hours in $15/Page

Custom Original Solution And Get A+ Grades

  • 100% Plagiarism Free
  • Proper APA/MLA/Harvard Referencing
  • Delivery in 12 Hours After Placing Order
  • Free Turnitin Report
  • Unlimited Revisions
  • Privacy Guaranteed

6 writers have sent their proposals to do this homework:

Assignments Hut
Top Essay Tutor
Assignment Hut
Instant Assignment Writer
Coursework Help Online
Custom Coursework Service
Writer Writer Name Offer Chat
Assignments Hut

ONLINE

Assignments Hut

As an experienced writer, I have extensive experience in business writing, report writing, business profile writing, writing business reports and business plans for my clients.

$37 Chat With Writer
Top Essay Tutor

ONLINE

Top Essay Tutor

After reading your project details, I feel myself as the best option for you to fulfill this project with 100 percent perfection.

$38 Chat With Writer
Assignment Hut

ONLINE

Assignment Hut

I will be delighted to work on your project. As an experienced writer, I can provide you top quality, well researched, concise and error-free work within your provided deadline at very reasonable prices.

$18 Chat With Writer
Instant Assignment Writer

ONLINE

Instant Assignment Writer

I have done dissertations, thesis, reports related to these topics, and I cover all the CHAPTERS accordingly and provide proper updates on the project.

$20 Chat With Writer
Coursework Help Online

ONLINE

Coursework Help Online

This project is my strength and I can fulfill your requirements properly within your given deadline. I always give plagiarism-free work to my clients at very competitive prices.

$30 Chat With Writer
Custom Coursework Service

ONLINE

Custom Coursework Service

This project is my strength and I can fulfill your requirements properly within your given deadline. I always give plagiarism-free work to my clients at very competitive prices.

$24 Chat With Writer

Let our expert academic writers to help you in achieving a+ grades in your homework, assignment, quiz or exam.

Similar Homework Questions

Critical Thinking Essay: Forecasting - Rough Draft of Signature Assignment - Speech outline example about yourself - 1578 highland ave glendale heights il 60139 - Oracle database link security risk - Questions a social scientist would ask - John boston session ipa - Ciara - American History Discussion - Running the disk defragmenter utility will ________ - Caloric content of food labpaq answers - They say i say 4th edition table of contents - Birth of the swatch - Letter and reflection( 9hours) - Random price movements indicate ________. - Randall parker foods halal - Certificate iii in waste driving operations - Syringe vending machine locations qld - Man tea rock hard formula - Reaction of lime water with carbon dioxide - An electric motor worksheet answers - Mental health - 111 antoine street rydalmere - Ammonia color of ph paper - Devil at my heels sparknotes - What is data management math - Present level of Performance - Central limit theorem uniform distribution - Child family and community 7th edition pdf free download - Principles of criminology 4th edition - Imprivata onesign windows 10 - Scientific report example high school - Seton hall latin answer key - Fall on your knees carol - Gcse french speaking aqa - Amelia sung vsim - Hallward library opening times - Yoga video Reflection Journal - A scratch list for a message is - Don juan tirso de molina pdf - Northern midlands council rubbish collection - A contemporary research term credibility was termed by aristotle as - Quine truth by convention - A person walks 25.0 north of east for 3.10 km - Xia corporation is a company - Tennis elbow exercises mayo clinic - Iron man essay in english - Hsc business studies paper - Team Leadership/Management Style: Primary Post - Lean mean fighting machine meaning - Proving a quadrilateral is a parallelogram examples - Positive thoughts breed positive outcomes - A six column table for jkl company follows - Www usingenglish com comprehension - Myaged care provider portal - Userinfo getusertype in salesforce - Shadow health focused exam cough - How to make dns reagent - Most important metrics for operations managers - Microsoft's search case study summary - The girl who can by ama ata aidoo audio - Act government enterprise agreement - Challenges and solutions to organizational knowledge management in kbms - Modigliani and miller argue that the dividend decision __________. - 230 divided by 4 - Www bbc co uk schools typing level 1 4 - Gcse music structure and form - Reflections 01 - Why managers are dejobbing their companies - Report writing recommendations example - Powder Point - Case study an australian manager in an american company - Big river road eildon victoria - Legal aid agency ccms - Ocean carriers case solution - Synthesis of fe acac 3 from fecl3 - Summarize alfred lord tennyson's poem in memoriam ahh 54 - Dau tst 102 homework answers - Descartes method of doubt sparknotes - Drucker's five questions - Organizational design for dunkin donuts - A cat came fiddling - Moxidectin for birds nz - Apparatus used in chemistry laboratory - Barkhausen criterion for oscillation - Noted dutch painter crossword clue - If our love is tragedy - Catch 22 short summary - Production cost analysis and estimation applied problems - Polycom realpresence group 310 installation manual - What are the usual connotations of the word survivor - Stoichiometry and theoretical yield experiment - Is hank hill autistic - Discussion forum on chapter readings - Power Point - 2 sileds of PPT - Hlthir403c assessment answers - Wk 2 - Reflective Journal Writing [due Mon] - In 1966, lillian gilbreth received the ________ from the american society of civil engineers. - Redbox the matrix